Recently, a team of colleagues and I decided to closely examine hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, and the impact it has on air quality and the economy in Pennsylvania, where the practice has taken hold.
Rocks, particularly the types created by volcanic activity, play a critical role in keeping Earth's long-term climate stable and cycling carbon dioxide between land, oceans, and the atmosphere. In fact, they are a big part of why the Earth's climate has remained so stable over geological time.
Jane Worthington moved her grandkids to protect them from oil and gas wells—but it didn't work. In US fracking communities, the industry's pervasiveness causes social strain and mental health problems.