Fostering environmental journalism in emerging democracies is one way to hold government officials and powerful businesses accountable.
An unstable mediascape<img lazy-loadable="true" src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTU3NTM5My9vcmlnaW4ucG5nIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYxMzgyMTczOX0.P0WggnZNULt_5113kWqCYg22JewXpybHm2-Pwcidoyk/img.png?width=980" id="453bb" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="1def836809bc479c141142f3492d1df9" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Georgia's habitats range from alpine peaks to river floodplains and the Black Sea coast. (Credit: Giorgi Balakhadze/Wikimedia, CC BY)<p>Levels of press freedom, autonomy and media sustainability have fluctuated since Georgia became independent in 1991. The latest constitutional change greatly strengthened Parliament and <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46376344" target="_blank">eliminated direct election of the president</a>, whose office is primarily ceremonial.</p><p>The governing <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_Dream" target="_blank">Georgian Dream coalition</a> has become increasingly anti-press over the past two years. <a href="https://cmds.ceu.edu/sites/cmcs.ceu.hu/files/attachment/basicpage/1435/mimgeorgiaregulationcorrected.pdf" target="_blank">Georgia's mediascape</a> is fairly diverse but dominated by its two largest television channels. </p><p>The 2019 World Press Freedom Index ranks Georgia <a href="https://rsf.org/en/georgia" target="_blank">60th out of 180 countries</a>, a substantial improvement from 100th in 2013. However, it notes that media owners still often control editorial content, and threats against journalists are not uncommon.</p>